Diabetes is a serious condition that affects the entire body. In general, some symptoms affect vision, thirst, hunger, and can cause fatigue. Also, it affects the health of your teeth and gums. Children are still developing, so they are more susceptible to problems that occur. Learn about the main effects that diabetes has on their oral health.
In a diabetic, sugar levels are high throughout the body, including in the mouth. Excessive sugar is known to consume the teeth and create cavities. Children with diabetes are encouraged to work harder to keep their mouths clean to promote healthy growth and prevent poor oral health in the future.
Some of the highest counts of bacteria are found in the mouth. Diabetes interferes with the body’s ability to create white blood cells that fight bacteria, so more infections are present in the body. Some of this bacteria will appear in the mouth and can assist in the formation of cavities.
Diabetes causes dryness in the mouth and increased thirst. When the sugar levels are unstable, the saliva does not flow into the mouth properly. A dry mouth is more likely to develop cavities because there’s no moisture to remove the bacteria and acids from the teeth and gums.
Some children need oral surgery to remove wisdom teeth or fix gum diseases. Diabetic children take longer for their cuts to heal, though. Too much blood sugar reduces the healthy function of nerves and blood circulation. It takes longer for blood to reach the wound and make the repair.
Children are not known to brush their teeth properly. It’s easy for them to damage the gums more by brushing too harshly. Diabetic children must be careful not to cause wounds in their mouths.
A serious condition that increases the risks of cavities will also increase the chances of gingivitis. Gum disease is caused by plaque buildup that hasn’t been taken care of. The plaque hardens and irritates the gums, which causes bleeding and swelling.
As parents, know how this condition affects your child’s oral health and work to keep them healthy. At the Pediatric Dentistry of Suffolk County, we specialize in teeth cleaning and maintenance for young patients. Contact us to schedule an appointment today.